Ocimum basilicum

Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum L.
Botanical family: LAMIACEAE

Vernacular names

(In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use)


  • albahaca


  • basilik
  • fon bazin

Other vernacular names

Botanical description

Erect annual herb 30-60 cm high. Stems pubescent, leaves elliptic, ovate or sub-rhombic, 2-4 cm x 1-2 cm, tip acute, base narrow, margins lightly dentate or entire, glabrous except on veins; inflorescence verticillate ca. 20 cm long; corolla white to mauve, 4-5 mm long; fruit an oblong, black, minutely verrucose, nutlet.








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