Jatropha curcas

Scientific name: Jatropha curcas L.
Botanical family: EUPHORBIACEAE

Vernacular names

(In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use)


  • medsiyen

Dominican Republic:

  • piñón, piñón botija

Other vernacular names

Botanical description

Shrub or small tree, up to 5 m high, with sticky, milky or reddish latex.  Leaves broadly ovate, margins entire or shallowly 3-5-lobed, cordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, 15cm x 13cm; cymes with or without peduncles; flowers unisexual, born at different times on the same inflorescence, petals green 6-7 mm long; capsule ellipsoid, 2.5-4 cm long; seeds blackish ca.2 cm long.


Rouzier,69,SOE Pimentel,1120,JBSD





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