Xanthium strumarium

Scientific name: Xanthium strumarium L.
Botanical family: ASTERACEAE

Vernacular names

(In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use)


  • guisazo de caballo

Other vernacular names

Botanical description

Annual monoecious herb 70 cm high. Leaves alternate, 7-12 cm long including petiole, base cordate or reniform, apex acute, 3-5 lobed and dentate, blades, scabrous, with appressed golden glandular hairs, triangular- orbicular 7-12 x 6-12 cm;  inflorescence racemose; male heads globose, numerous florets, female head burrlike with hooked bracts, 2 flowers; Achene, 0.9-1.5cm linear, compressed, beaked, smooth.








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