Bixa orellana

Scientific name: Bixa orellana L.
Synonym: Bixa odorata Ruiz & Par. ex G. Don
Botanical family: BIXACEAE

Vernacular names

(In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use)

Dominican Republic:

  • bija


  • woukou

Other vernacular names

Botanical description

Shrub or small tree, up to 9 m in height, with many branches.  Leaves alternate, ovate, 8 to 20 cm in length, cordate at the base, entire.  Inflorescence in terminal panicles; flowers 4 to 5.3 cm wide; pink or white petals, obovate to broadly oval.  Capsule (fruit), ovoid to globosely-ovoid, 3 to 4 cm in length, usually with soft thorns.  Seed with red aril.







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